An ectopic pregnancy is a serious medical condition that occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes. This can cause serious complications and requires prompt medical attention. Here’s what you need to know about ectopic pregnancy:

Causes of Ectopic Pregnancy

The most common cause of ectopic pregnancy is a blockage or damage to the fallopian tubes, which can prevent the fertilized egg from reaching the uterus. Other factors that may increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy include:

  • Previous ectopic pregnancy
  • History of pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Endometriosis
  • History of tubal surgery
  • Fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Smoking

Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy

Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy may vary, but can include:

  • Abdominal pain, usually on one side
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Shoulder pain
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Weakness or fatigue

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention right away.

Diagnosis of Ectopic Pregnancy

Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy typically involves a combination of blood tests, ultrasound imaging, and a physical exam. Blood tests can measure the levels of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which is produced during pregnancy. In an ectopic pregnancy, hCG levels may be lower than expected or may not rise as rapidly as they should.

Ultrasound imaging can help confirm the location of the pregnancy and identify any abnormalities. A physical exam may also be performed to check for signs of internal bleeding, which can be a serious complication of ectopic pregnancy.

Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy

Treatment of ectopic pregnancy depends on the severity of the condition and the overall health of the patient. In many cases, surgery is required to remove the ectopic pregnancy and repair any damage to the fallopian tubes. In some cases, medication may be used to dissolve the pregnancy, although this is typically only effective in very early ectopic pregnancies.

After treatment, it is important to monitor for any signs of complications, such as infection or internal bleeding. Follow-up appointments with a healthcare provider are typically recommended to ensure proper healing and recovery.

Prevention of Ectopic Pregnancy

While there is no guaranteed way to prevent ectopic pregnancy, there are steps that can be taken to reduce the risk, including:

  • Getting regular pelvic exams
  • Treating any underlying conditions that may increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy, such as pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis
  • Using contraception consistently and correctly
  • Seeking prompt medical attention if you experience symptoms of ectopic pregnancy

Overall, ectopic pregnancy is a serious medical condition that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment to prevent complications. If you experience any symptoms of ectopic pregnancy, it is important to seek medical attention right away.


Dr Anil Agarwal

MBBS, MS, DNB (Urology)

Director Urology

Dr Unique Tyagi

MBBS, MD, DNB, DM (Gastroenterology)

Senior Consultant Gastroenterologist

Dr Shashi Bhushan Gupta

MBBS, DPM (Psychiatry)

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Dr Chandan Deka


HOD Department of Surgery Senior Advanced Laparoscopic Surgeon

Dr Sunil Aggarwal


Senior Consultant Surgery

Dr Priyanka


Senior Consultant Gynaecology

Dr Ridhi Bajaj


Consultant Gynaecology

Dr Manisha Aggarwal


Consultant Gynaecology

Dr Bharat Jindal


Senior Consultant Plastic Surgeon

Dr Rahul Bhargava


Senior Consultant ENT

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