Neurogenic bladder is a condition that affects the bladder’s ability to store and empty urine properly due to nerve damage. This can occur as a result of a variety of underlying conditions, such as spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, or diabetes.

Symptoms of neurogenic bladder can include urinary incontinence, urinary retention, frequent urination, urinary tract infections, and a feeling of incomplete bladder emptying. Treatment for neurogenic bladder may involve a combination of medications, catheterization, behavioral therapy, and surgery.

Causes of Neurogenic Bladder

The bladder is controlled by the autonomic nervous system, which is responsible for involuntary bodily functions such as breathing, heart rate, and digestion. When the nerves that control the bladder are damaged, it can lead to neurogenic bladder. Some of the conditions that can cause nerve damage and lead to neurogenic bladder include:

  1. Spinal cord injury: Damage to the spinal cord can interrupt the signals that travel between the brain and the bladder, leading to bladder dysfunction.
  2. Multiple sclerosis: This autoimmune disease can damage the myelin sheath that surrounds nerves, interfering with nerve impulses that control bladder function.
  3. Parkinson’s disease: This neurodegenerative disorder can cause tremors, stiffness, and slow movement, and can also affect the nerves that control the bladder.
  4. Diabetes: High blood sugar levels can damage nerves throughout the body, including those that control the bladder.
  5. Stroke: Damage to the brain can affect the nerves that control the bladder, leading to urinary dysfunction.

Diagnosis of Neurogenic Bladder

If you are experiencing symptoms of neurogenic bladder, your doctor may perform a physical exam and order tests to help diagnose the condition. These tests may include:

  1. Urine tests: These tests can help rule out urinary tract infections and other conditions that can cause similar symptoms.
  2. Bladder scan: This non-invasive test uses ultrasound to measure how much urine is left in the bladder after urination.
  3. Urodynamics: This test measures how well the bladder is functioning by measuring the pressure inside the bladder during urination.
  4. Imaging tests: X-rays, MRI scans, or CT scans may be ordered to look for any structural abnormalities in the bladder or urinary tract.

Treatment of Neurogenic Bladder

Treatment for neurogenic bladder will depend on the underlying cause of the condition and the severity of symptoms. Some of the treatment options may include:

  1. Medications: Medications may be prescribed to relax the bladder muscles or increase bladder capacity.
  2. Catheterization: If the bladder cannot empty properly, a catheter may be used to drain urine.
  3. Behavioral therapy: This can include bladder retraining techniques or pelvic floor muscle exercises to help improve bladder function.
  4. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace damaged nerves, or to create a new urinary diversion.

Living with Neurogenic Bladder

Neurogenic bladder can be a challenging condition to live with, but there are steps that individuals can take to manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. Some tips for living with neurogenic bladder include:

  1. Maintaining a healthy diet and staying hydrated to prevent urinary tract infections.
  2. Keeping a diary to track urinary habits and symptoms.
  3. Wearing protective clothing or using absorbent pads or liners to manage urinary incontinence.
  4. Talking to a healthcare provider about strategies for managing sexual function.
  5. Joining a support group to connect with others who are living with neurogenic bladder.

In conclusion, neurogenic bladder is a condition that can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. However, with proper diagnosis and treatment, individuals with neurogenic bladder can learn to manage their symptoms and lead a fulfilling life. It is important for individuals who are experiencing symptoms of neurogenic bladder to seek medical attention in order to receive a proper diagnosis and develop a personalized treatment plan.

It is also important for healthcare providers to be aware of the risk factors and potential causes of neurogenic bladder in order to provide timely and effective treatment. Patients with underlying conditions such as spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, or diabetes should be regularly monitored for neurogenic bladder symptoms.

Living with neurogenic bladder can be challenging, but with the help of healthcare providers, family and friends, and support groups, individuals with this condition can learn to manage their symptoms and maintain a good quality of life. By staying informed and proactive about their health, individuals with neurogenic bladder can take control of their condition and live a fulfilling life.


Dr Anil Agarwal

MBBS, MS, DNB (Urology)

Director Urology

Dr Unique Tyagi

MBBS, MD, DNB, DM (Gastroenterology)

Senior Consultant Gastroenterologist

Dr Shashi Bhushan Gupta

MBBS, DPM (Psychiatry)

Senior Consultant Psychiatrist

Dr Chandan Deka


HOD Department of Surgery Senior Advanced Laparoscopic Surgeon

Dr Sunil Aggarwal


Senior Consultant Surgery

Dr Priyanka


Senior Consultant Gynaecology

Dr Ridhi Bajaj


Consultant Gynaecology

Dr Manisha Aggarwal


Consultant Gynaecology

Dr Bharat Jindal


Senior Consultant Plastic Surgeon

Dr Rahul Bhargava


Senior Consultant ENT

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